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2020年军队职称英语考试《卫生类》概括大意专项小测第五套

来源: 2020-05-19 14:26:03

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  More Than 8 Hours Sleep Too Much of a Good Thing

  Although the dangers of too little sleep are widely known,new research suggests that people who sleep too much may also suffer the consequences.

  Investigators at the University of California in San Diego found that people who clock up 9 or 10 hours each weeknight appear to have more trouble falling and staying asleep,as well as a number of other sleep problems,than people who sleep 8 hours a night.People who slept only 7 hours each night also said they had more trouble falling asleep and feeling refreshed after a night’s sleep than 8-hour sleepers.

  These findings, which DL Daniel Kripke reported in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, demonstrate that people who want to get a good night’s rest may not need to set aside。more than 8 hours a night.He added that“it might be a good idea'’for people who sleep more than 8 hours each night to consider reducing the amount of time they spend in bed, but cautioned that more research is needed to confirm this.

  Previous studies have shown the potential dangers of chronic shortages of sleep一for instance, one report demonstrated that people who habitually sleep less than 7 hours each night have a higher risk of dying within a fixed period than people who sleep more.

  For the current report,Kripke reviewed the responses of 1,004 adults to sleep questionnaires,in which participants indicated how much they slept during the Week and whether they experienced any sleep problems.Sleep problems included waking in the middle of the night,arising early in the morning and being unable to fall back to sleep,and having fatigue interfere with day-to-day functioning.

  KriDke found that people who slept between 9 and 10 hours each night were more likely to report experiencing each sleep problem than people who slept 8 hours.In an interview, Kripke noted that long sleepers may struggle to get rest at night simply because they spend too much time in bed.As evidence,he added that one way to help insomnia is to spend less time in bed.“It stands to reason that if a person spends too long a time in bed, then they’ll spend a higher percentage of time awake.”he said.

  23. Paragraph 2 ___.

  24. Paragraph 4___.

  25. Paragraph 5___.

  26. Paragraph 6___.

  A. Keprike’s research tool

  B. Dangers of Habitual shortages of sleep

  C. Criticism on Kripke’s report

  D. A way of overcoming insomnia

  E. Sleep problems of long and short sleepers

  F. Classification of sleep problems

  27.To get a good night’s rest,people may not need to ___.

  28.Long sleepers are reported to be more likely to___.

  29. One of the sleep problems is waking in the middle of the night,unable to___.

  30. One survey showed that people who habitually ___each night have a higher risk of dying.

  A fall asleep again .

  B become more energetic the following day

  C sleep less than 7 hours

  D confirm those serious consequences

  E suffer sleep problems

  F sleep more than 8 hours

  参考答案:23-30EBADFEAC

  概括大意与完成句子 。

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  More Than 8 Hours Sleep Too Much of a Good Thing

  Although the dangers of too little sleep are widely known,new research suggests that people who sleep too much may also suffer the consequences.

  Investigators at the University of California in San Diego found that people who clock up 9 or 10 hours each weeknight appear to have more trouble falling and staying asleep,as well as a number of other sleep problems,than people who sleep 8 hours a night.People who slept only 7 hours each night also said they had more trouble falling asleep and feeling refreshed after a night’s sleep than 8- hour sleepers.

  These findings, which DL Daniel Kripke reported in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, demonstrate that people who want to get a good night’s rest may not need to set aside。 more than 8 hours a night.He added that“it might be a good idea’’for people who sleep more than 8 hours each night to consider reducing the amount of time they spend in bed, but cautioned that more research is needed to confirm this.

  Previous studies have shown the potential dangers of chronic shortages of sleep 一 for instance, one report demonstrated that people who habitually sleep less than 7 hours each night have a higher risk of dying within a fixed period than people who sleep more.

  For the current report,Kripke reviewed the responses of 1,004 adults to sleep questionnaires,in which participants indicated how much they slept during the Week and whether they experienced any sleep problems.Sleep problems included waking in the middle of the night,arising early in the morning and being unable to fall back to sleep,and having fatigue interfere with day- to-day functioning.

  KriDke found that people who slept between 9 and 10 hours each night were more likely to report experiencing each sleep problem than people who slept 8 hours.In an interview, Kripke noted that long sleepers may struggle to get rest at night simply because they spend too much time in bed.As evidence,he added that one way to help insomnia is to spend less time in bed.“It stands to reason that if a person spends too long a time in bed, then they’ll spend a higher percentage of time awake.”he said.

  1. Paragraph 2 ___.

  2. Paragraph 4___.

  3. Paragraph 5___.

  4. Paragraph 6___.

  A. Keprike’s research tool

  B. Dangers of Habitual shortages of sleep

  C. Criticism on Kripke’s report

  D. A way of overcoming insomnia

  E. Sleep problems of long and short sleepers

  F. Classification of sleep problems

  5.To get a good night’s rest,people may not need to ___.

  6.Long sleepers are reported to be more likely to___.

  7. One of the sleep problems is waking in the middle of the night,unable to___.

  8. One survey showed that people who habitually ___each night have a higher risk of dying.

  A fall asleep again .

  B become more energetic the following day

  C sleep less than 7 hours

  D confirm those serious consequences

  E suffer sleep problems

  F sleep more than 8 hours

  参考答案:1.B.分析:利用题干中的特征词US$14 million作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:The center, which will start out with about US$14million,, will help the country develop its chip industry without always depending on imported technology. (该句句意不足以说明问题句是否正确)

  More than 10 chip plants are being built, each costing millions of U.S. dollars. The majority of that money goes to overseas equipment vendors (卖主)and technology owners- mainly from Japan and Singapore.

  Should the new center play a major role in improving the situation in the industry, the country admits the US $14 million in vestment is still rather small. (the situation in the industry 的指代内容是解题关键,而前句中提到的是chip industry的发展, 因此判断“the situation in the industry” 就是指“芯片工业的发展情况”,所以根据该句的句意 (1400万美圆的投资仍然是很小数目的投资)判断问题句的说法不正确。)

  2.C.分析:以题干中的核心结构military purposes和top priorities作为答案线索 ( 同时注意文章中出现的这些线索结构的近义/反义结构),于是发现相关句:Currently, chip plants in this country are in a passive situation because many foreign governments don’t allow them to import the most advanced technologies, fearing they will be used for military purposes.

  发现答案相关句中没有谈到“优先发展用于军事目的的芯片”,因此判断问题句的说法为“没提到”。

  3. C.分析:利用题干中的核心结构licensing fees(执照费)作为答案线索(因为该词是特定的表达,所以可以在文章中只查找该词), 查找答案相关句:Moreover, the high licensing fees (与“are not very high”不矛盾)they have to pay to technology provider are also an important reason for their decision of self- reliance.发现相关句的内容中只涉及到了问题句中的部分内容(有关执照费用的高低问题),而问题句中提到的 “cannot afford to pay(没能力支付)”在文章中没有对应的内容,因此判断问题句的说法为“没提到”。

  4.A.分析:该题所涉及到的相关句在第2题中已经出现了:Currently, chip plants in this country are in a passive situation because many foreign governments don’t allow them to import the most advanced technologies, fearing they will be used for military purposes. (许多国外政府不允许他们进口最先进的技术,因为担心这些技术将被用于军事目的)根据该句句意判断问题句的说法正确。

  5. C.分析:利用题干中的核心词flagship chipmakers作为答案线索,这样在文章中找到答案相关句:The advent(出现,到来) of the center will possibly free the country from the situation that it is always buying almost- outdated technologies from other countries, said the country’s flagship chipmaker. 文章中涉及到flagship chipmaker的句子并没有说flagship chipmaker是由美国投资者所拥有, 可见文章中的答案相关句中根本没有反映出问题句中的信息,因此判断该问题句的为没提到。

  6. A.分析:利用题干中的核心词Mainstream chip 作为答案线索,这样在文章中找到相关句:As mainstream chip production technology shifts from one generation to the next every three to five years, 该句含义是“主流芯片生产技术每3年到5年就会进行更新换代”,根据该句句意判断问题句的说法“正确”。

  7. B.分析:利用题干中的特殊结构 --数量词(10 chip plants)作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:More than 10 chip plants are being built, each costing millions of U.S. dollars. The majority of that money goes to overseas equipment vendors and technology owners- mainly from Japan and Singapore. 从相关句中得出的结论恰恰是“依靠他人”,而不是“依靠自己”,因此判断问题句的说法错误。

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